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by Sterling D. Allan

> Alphabetics > "Heart"

Words Around "HEART" in English, OT Hebrew, and NT Greek

The words before and after "heart" in the English, Hebrew, and Greek provide yet another witness of the doctrine of the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost, which renders a mighty change of heart.

bullet "Heart" in the English Dictionary

In the midst of various forms of the word "heart*" in the English dictionary comes the word "hearth:"   ...heartfelt, heart-free, heartful, hearth, hearth money, hearth..., heartier, heartiest, heartily....

hearth: (1) The pavement or floor on which a fire is made; the floor of a fireplace. (2) The fireside. (6) Metal. The crucible, or lowest section, of a blast furnace.

The very next word after the forms of "heart*" is heat.

heat: (5) A single complete operation of heating, as at a forge or in a furnace.

In the midst of the "heat*" words are

heath: A tract of waste land;

heathen: An unconverted member of a people or nation; a Gentile; pagan;

heather: The poverty plant

 -- all indicative of a state in want of redemption.

Then, after the "heat..." words are the following

heaume: A great helmet ["the helmet of salvation"].

heave: (2)(a) To raise or exalt in state or feeling; to elevate. (b) To baptize.


The word prior to "heart" is hearse, bringing to mind the idea of putting away the carnal man as the heart is made new.

The words prior to that are from the roots, hear and hearken.   These bring to mind the scriptures,

"If ye will enter in by the way, and receive the Holy Ghost, it will show unto you all things what ye should do." (2 Ne. 32:5.)

"The scattered remnants are exhorted to return to the Lord from whence they have fallen; which if they do, the promise of the Lord is that he will speak to them, to give them revelation." (D&C 113:10.)

Before them is the word heap.

heap: (2) To bestow in large quantities,

which brings to mind the idea of fullness, such as is reflected in the following verse:

"For by my Spirit will I enlighten them, and by my power will I make known unto them the secrets of my will--yea, even those things which eye has not seen, nor ear heard, nor yet entered into the heart of man." (D&C 76:10.)

Then before this are the words

heal, health: State of being whole, in body, mind, or soul.

Speaking of "wholeness," the phrase "mighty change of heart," mentions directly the heart, which is often associated with the "seat of the emotions."  There is also the "seat of the intellect," or the head. This is the word before "heal." And, appropriately, it is preceded by the word he: "Man; a male." Truly, the head is often related to the man, while the heart is ascribed to the woman, yet both of these need work in harmony in every person; and the baptism of fire and the indwelling of the Holy Ghost works its purifying, transforming miracle on both.

bullet "Heart" in the OT Hebrew Lexicon

Confirming this union, in the Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon, the word (3824 LBB) which means "(1) heart," or "(b) the seat of the senses, affections, and emotions of the mind," also means, "(c) the mode of thinking and acting; (d) the seat of will and purpose; (e) intellect and wisdom;" for these together constitute "(a) the soul, life" -- all this, under the heading, "(1) heart."

Words 3820 (LB), 3821 (LB), 3823 (LBB), 3824 (LBB), 3825 (LBB), and 3826 (LBH) all signify "heart." The next word in the alphabetic sequence (3827 LBH) means "flame" [or fire].   That fits!

The idea of unredeemed "gentile" (not having received this baptism of fire) also seems to be aluded to in three Hebrew words prior to the words for "heart."   Notice how the flow of words in their alphabetical sequence seem to form a sentence.

3816 (LAM): "A people, a nation," [who are] 3818 (LA UMY): "not my people;" 3819 (LA RChMH) "not having obtained mercy."

The three words prior to that, including two `unused roots' (u.r.), refer to the solution to this plight. In order that they might "belong to(4) God" (3815 LAL), as always, God "send[s] a messenger; to minister; [and be a] servant" (u.r. LAK), "to gather [them] together" (u.r. LAM); "gently" (`see 328' LAM) and "softly" (3814 LAM). Therefore, Come, all ye who are "(1) not; [or] (2) nothing" (3809 LA) -- even less than the dust of the earth -- who are "without pasture" (3810 LA DBR); all ye that are caused "(1) to labour; (2) to be weiried, to be exhausted" (3811,12 LAH); and the Lord, your God, will give you rest (Isa. 55:1-3).

Surrounding the words for "heart" are words 3822 (LBA, LBH, LBAYM, LBAVTh) and 3833 (LBY, LBYA) which mean "lion."  This brings to mind the scripture,

"If the Gentiles do not repent after the blessing which they shall receive [namely, the fullness of the gospel (3 Ne. 16:10)], after they have scattered my people -- then shall ye, who are a remnant of the house of Jacob, go forth among them; and ye shall be in the midst of them who shall be many; and ye shall be among them as a lion among the beasts of the forest, and as a young lion among the flocks of sheep, who, if he goeth through both treadeth down and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver." (3 Ne. 20:16; 21:12; Micah 5:8.)

This scripture is significant in showing the tight correlation between "heart" and "lion," inasmuch as this being trodden down as by a lion is mentioned in direct reference to the Gentiles rejecting the "fullness of my gospel" (3 Ne. 16:10), which inseparably includes the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost (3 Ne. 11:32-39).

Knowing that this people are headed for such a catastrophe ought to be sufficient to cause us "to cast [ourselves] on the ground; to prostrate [ourselves before the Lord]" (3832 LBT). Otherwise, our lot is to be "overthrown; to fall" (3832 LBT(5)).

"And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them [the remnant], and to purge, and to make them white" (Daniel 11:35).

Word 3835 (LBN) means, "To be white; to purge, to cleanse."

bullet "Heart" in the NT Greek Lexicon

In the New Testament Greek Lexicon, two words before the word for "heart" (2588 kardeeah) is 2586 kapnos, which means, "smoke."  Thus the English, Hebrew, and Greek all contain words tying to the idea of "fire" in immediate alphabetic vicinity to the word for "heart."

The word after "heart" in Greek is 2589 kardeeognocetace: "a heart-knower." This brings to mind the scripture,

"I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings." (Jer. 17:10.)

Three words (2590, 2592, and 2593) following that mean, "fruit," or "fruitful." Indeed, the fruit one brings forth is a function of his/her heart, bringing forth to salvation if it be changed through God, having become fertile for the planting of God's word, through being broken up.

"On the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience." (Luke 8:15.)

Also pertinent is the prophecy that when the Gentiles are ground "to powder," the Lord "will let again his vineyard unto other husbandmen, even in the last days, who shall render him the fruits in their seasons." (JST-Matt. 21:55.) The next verse in Luke ties to the reference, "Ye are the salt of the earth," which is dependant on adherence to the gospel's fulness. "No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light." (Luke 8:16.) Inasmuch as this "standard (of faith), [from the iron] rod, [or] canon" (2583 kanohn) has been "adulterated, [or] corrupted" (2585 kapaleyooo) in its practice, the warning in the verse which follows in Luke confirms the ultimatums of III Nephi 16:10 and elsewhere. "Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath [accepted the fulness], to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have." (Luke 8:18.)

Therefore [extracting from a group of words before "heart" in Greek and a group of words after, both in sequence], that ye may be "steadfast, [and] endure" (2594 kargereho) this "furnace" (2575 kameenos), "why beholdest thou `a dry twig or straw' [2596 karfos] that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?" (Matt. 7:3) (6) "If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth." (John 9:41.) "Close," therefore, your "eyes" (2576 kammooo), that ye might see. "Come down" (2597 katabaheeno), all ye who "toil [and are] wearied" (2577 kamno), "throw down" (2589 kataballo) your "burden" (2599 katabareho); acknowledge your nothingness ("declivity" (2600 katabasis) before almighty God; "bow" (2578 kampto) "down" (2601 katabibadzo) before Him; and establish yourselves on the only sure "foundation" (2602 katabolay), even Jesus Christ. "If" (2579 kan) one deos not do this, they will be "defrauded (of salvation)" (2603 katabrabyooo), for they remain as the unredeemed "Canaanites" (2580,81 kanah, kananeetace). Thus is the "proclamation" (2604 datanggelyooce, 2605 katanggello), the "standard (of faith)" (2583 kanohn); and though one may "deride [or] laugh to scorn" (2606 katagelao), his "find[ing] fault" (2607 kataginosko) will only be to his own "blame [or] condemn[ation]" (2607 kataginosko); for those who "corrupt" (2585 kapaleyooo) the ways of righteousness shall be "ren[t] in pieces" (2608 katagnoomee), "and their torment is as a lake of fire and brimstone, whose flames are unquenchable, and whose `smoke' [2586 kapnos] ascendeth up forever and ever." (Mosiah 3:27; Rev. 14:11.) They are "led down" (2609 katago) to "bondage" (2611 katadeho), having been "overcome" (2610 katagonidzomahee); for they were not built upon the rock.


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4. Strong's, #3815Heb: "(belonging) to God."

5. Strong's 3832Heb: "to overthrow; intrans. to fall."

6. [In English, a word next to "mote" is "Most Holy." Quite a contrast. Indeed, if we saw as God sees, then that is what we would see in our fellow men, for that is what they have within them to become, through the grace of God.  When they become united with God, it is God we see beaming in their countenance.]


H.W.F. Gesenius; Gesenius' Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon of the Old Testament; Baker Books, Grand Rapids, MI 49516; 1979. ISBN: 0-8010-3736-0 (softcover)

James Strong; Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible; together with Dictionaries of the Hebrew and Greek Words of the Original; Hendrickson Publishers, ISBN 0-917006-01-1.

Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd edition, unabridged; G.& C. Merriam Company, Publishers, Springfield, Mass., USA, 1960.


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